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The Chinese Version of the Behavioral Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties Among University Students

Authors Zhao Y, Li P, Wang X, Kong L, Wu Y, Liu X

Received 23 April 2020

Accepted for publication 20 July 2020

Published 6 August 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1889—1897

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S258806

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yuping Ning


Ya Zhao,1 Peihuan Li,1 Xiang Wang,2 Luya Kong,3 Yan Wu,1 Xinchun Liu1

1Department of Clinical Psychology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China; 2Medical Psychological Center, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Public Health, Changsha Medical University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Xinchun Liu
Department of Clinical Psychology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 138 Tongzipo Road, Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan 410013, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-731-886-186-67
Fax +86-731-888-619-10
Email angelaliu23@sina.com

Background/Purpose: Maladaptive emotion regulation is a strong predictor of depression or anxiety. Behavioral emotion regulation has a direct influence on coping with negative emotion. Although it is interesting to explore more about the behavioral emotion regulation, most of the existing measures can not assess it separately. The Behavioral Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (BERQ) has made important gain in addressing conceptual confusion between cognitive and behavioral emotion regulation. As there is a lack of single and stable measure to assess behavioral emotion regulation in mainland China, we translated the BERQ into Chinese to fit this gap.
Methods: We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the BERQ (BERQ-C) based on a sample of Chinese university students (n=816). Factor analysis was performed to assess the construct validity of the BERQ-C. To test its reliability and validity, all the participants were invited to complete BERQ-C, GAD-7, PHQ-9, and CERQ-C. Of the initial samples, 138 students participated in the second measurement with completing BERQ-C twice.
Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported the five-factor model. The internal consistence (Cronbach’s α = 0.71 ∼ 0.85), the split-half reliability (Spearman-Brown coefficient = 0.66 ∼ 0.85), and the test–retest stability (ICC = 0.55 ∼ 0.67) are all acceptable. The criterion-related validity is good.
Conclusion: The BERQ-C is a promising instrument to assess behavioral emotion regulation among the Chinese university students. Future studies are needed to explore the questionnaire’s psychometric properties among wider range of population especially for patients.

Keywords: emotion regulation, coping, assessment, Chinese university students

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