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Teachers’ Knowledge About Epilepsy and Their Attitudes Toward Students with Epilepsy: A Cross-Sectional Survey in the City of Tahoua (Niger)

Authors Toudou-Daouda M, Ibrahim-Mamadou AK

Received 12 August 2020

Accepted for publication 30 September 2020

Published 8 October 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 2327—2333

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S276691

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


Moussa Toudou-Daouda,1 Abdoul Kadir Ibrahim-Mamadou2

1Department of Neurology, National Hospital of Niamey, Niamey, Niger; 2Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Regional Hospital Center of Tahoua, Tahoua, Niger

Correspondence: Moussa Toudou-Daouda
Department of Neurology, National Hospital of Niamey, PO Box 238, Niamey, Niger
Email moussatoudou@gmail.com

Purpose: In this survey, first, we aimed to investigate the views held about epilepsy of primary and secondary school teachers in the city of Tahoua (Niger, a Sub-Saharan African country), and secondarily, how their experience and knowledge about epilepsy influence their attitudes towards school children with epilepsy.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between November and December 2019. We used a self-administered questionnaire survey in French-language comprising sociodemographic part, and knowledge and attitudes about epilepsy part. Composite scores of knowledge and attitudes were calculated, and statistical analyses were performed to assess their association with sociodemographic characteristics.
Results: Two hundred eighty-four (284) school teachers had agreed to answer the questionnaire survey, among which 25% had already witnessed an epileptic seizure in the classroom or the schoolyard. Epilepsy is considered as a chronic brain disease and psychiatric illness in 31% and 32.4% of cases, respectively. In 41.9% of cases, epilepsy is considered as a contagious disease. Significantly, we found that the composite score of knowledge and attitudes was lower in younger school teachers (p = 0.007) and those with fewer years of teaching experience (p = 0.048). High school teachers had better score composite than those of primary school and college (p = 0.072). Regarding the composite score of attitudes, we did not find an association with sociodemographic characteristics.
Conclusion: Teachers’ attitudes were not associated with their level of school taught, years of teaching experience, and their religion. It is necessary to integrate educational training courses about epilepsy into the curriculum of teachers’ training.

Keywords: epilepsy, school teachers, knowledge and attitudes, child, Tahoua, Niger

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