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Sustained curcumin release from PLGA microspheres improves bone formation under diabetic conditions by inhibiting the reactive oxygen species production

Authors Li Y, Zhang ZZ

Received 17 October 2017

Accepted for publication 9 February 2018

Published 24 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1453—1466

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S154334

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Georgios D. Panos


Yu Li,1 Zhan-Zhao Zhang1,2

1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Tissue Engineering, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Aesthetic Surgery, Hangzhou Raily Aesthetic Plastic Hospital, Hangzhou 310003, People’s Republic of China

Background: Excessive reactive oxygen species production caused by type 2 diabetes conditions can disrupt normal bone metabolism and greatly impair bone regeneration.
Materials and methods: In the present study, curcumin (Cur)-loaded microspheres were incorporated into a fish collagen nano-hydroxyapatite scaffold to promote bone repair under diabetic conditions by inhibiting the reactive oxygen species production.
Results: The drug release kinetic study showed that the Cur release from the composite scaffolds lasted up to 30 days. The sustained curcumin release from the scaffold significantly inhibited the overproduction of reactive oxygen species in mesenchymal stem cells caused by diabetic serum. Moreover, the Cur-loaded scaffold also remarkedly alleviated the negative effects of diabetic serum on the proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. When implanted into bone defects in type 2 diabetic rats, the Cur-loaded scaffold also showed a greater bone formation capability compared to the pure scaffold.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the novel controlled Cur release system may provide a promising route to improve bone regeneration in type 2 diabetic patients.

Keywords: curcumin, PLGA, drug delivery system, type 2 diabetes mellitus, bone repair

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