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Superion® InterSpinous Spacer for treatment of moderate degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis: durable three-year results of a randomized controlled trial

Authors Patel V, Nunley P, Whang P, Haley T, Bradley WD, Davis R, Block J, Geisler F

Received 18 July 2015

Accepted for publication 9 September 2015

Published 3 October 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 657—662

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S92633

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Kerui Gong

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Michael Schatman


Vikas V Patel,1 Pierce D Nunley,2 Peter G Whang,3 Thomas R Haley,4 W Daniel Bradley,5 Raphael P Davis,6 Jon E Block,7 Fred H Geisler8

1The Spine Center, University of Colorado Hospital, Denver, CO, 2Spine Institute of Louisiana, Shreveport, LA, 3Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 4Performance Spine and Sports Physicians, PC, Pottstown, PA, 5Texas Back Institute, Denton, TX, 6Department of Neurological Surgery, Stony Brook Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, 7Jon Block, Ph.D. San Francisco, CA, 8McLaren Hospital, Petoskey, MI, USA

Purpose: This report provides the 3-year clinical outcomes from the randomized, controlled US Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption trial of the Superion® for the treatment of moderate degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.
Patients and methods: The Superion® was evaluated in the treatment of subjects aged 45 years or older suffering from symptoms of intermittent neurogenic claudication, secondary to a confirmed diagnosis of moderate degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis at one or two contiguous levels from L1 to L5. Patients were treated between June 2008 and December 2011 at 31 investigational sites. Three hundred ninety-one subjects were included in the randomized study group consisting of 190 Superion® and 201 X-STOP® control subjects. The primary composite endpoint was individual patient success based on four components: improvement in two of three domains of the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire, no reoperations at the index level, no major implant/procedure-related complications, and no clinically significant confounding treatments.
Results: At 3 years, the proportion of subjects achieving the primary composite endpoint was greater for Superion® (63/120, 52.5%) than for X-STOP® (49/129, 38.0%) (P=0.023) and the corresponding success rates exceeded 80% for each of the individual components of the primary endpoint in the Superion® group (range: 81%–91%). Improvements in back and leg pain severity as well as back- and disease-specific functional outcomes were also maintained through 36 months.
Conclusion: The 3-year outcomes from this randomized controlled trial demonstrate durable clinical improvement consistently across all clinical outcomes for the Superion® in the treatment of patients with moderate degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

Keywords: InterSpinous Spacer, lumbar spinal stenosis, Superion®, neurogenic claudication

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