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Spotlight on ertugliflozin and its potential in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: evidence to date

Authors Cinti F, Moffa S, Impronta F, Cefalo CMA, Sun VA, Sorice GP, Mezza T, Giaccari A

Received 4 August 2017

Accepted for publication 12 September 2017

Published 3 October 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 2905—2919

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S114932

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Georgios Panos

Francesca Cinti,* Simona Moffa,* Flavia Impronta,* Chiara MA Cefalo, Vinsin A Sun, Gian Pio Sorice, Teresa Mezza, Andrea Giaccari

Center for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A Gemelli, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the latest therapeutic strategy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Using an insulin-independent mechanism (glycosuria), they reduce glucose toxicity and improve insulin sensitivity and β-cell function. The promising results obtained in clinical trials show that SGLT2 significantly improves glycemic control and provides greater cardiovascular protection, combined with a reduction in body weight and blood pressure (BP). This review focuses on ertugliflozin, a new, highly selective, and reversible SGLT2 inhibitor. Clinical trials published to date show that ertugliflozin, both as a monotherapy and as an add-on to oral antidiabetic agents, is safe and effective in reducing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight, and BP in T2DM patients.

Keywords: antidiabetic drugs, glycosylated hemoglobin, glycemic control, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, precision medicine, type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, weight reduction
 

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