SLC22A1 And ATM Genes Polymorphisms Are Associated With The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Western Saudi Arabia: A Case-Control Study
Received 7 September 2019
Accepted for publication 3 November 2019
Published 15 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 213—219
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Martin H. Maurer
Rana M Altall,1 Safaa Y Qusti,1 Najlaa Filimban,2 Amani M Alhozali,3 Najat A Alotaibi,4 Ashraf Dallol,2 Adeel G Chaudhary,2 Sherin Bakhashab1,2
1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2KACST Technology Innovation Center in Personalized Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Correspondence: Sherin Bakhashab
King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80218, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 12 6400000
Fax +966 12 6952076
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global health problem that is progressively affected by genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of solute carrier family 22 member 1 (SLC22A1) rs628031 and rs461473, and ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) rs11212617 polymorphisms on the risk of T2DM in Saudi Arabia by considering many parameters associated with glycemic control of T2DM, such as body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and triglyceride.
Methods: In a case-control study, genomic DNA from controls and diabetic groups was isolated and genotyped for each single-nucleotide polymorphism.
Results: There were significant correlations between T2DM and both BMI and HbA1c. Significant associations between G/G and A/G genotypes of rs628031 and rs461473 variants of SLC22A1 and high levels of HbA1c were detected. Therefore, G was predicted to be the risk allele among the assessed SLC22A1 variants. A significant correlation was observed between A/A and A/C genotypes of the rs11212617 polymorphism of ATM and elevated HbA1c. Relative risk calculation confirmed A to be the risk allele in the T2DM population.
Conclusion: Our study showed the risk of the assessed SLC22A1 and ATM variants on glycemic control parameters in diabetic patients.
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, single-nucleotide polymorphism, solute carrier family 22 member 1, ataxia telangiectasia mutated
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