Significant Association Between Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction, Left Atrial Performance and Liver Stiffness in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Received 7 January 2021
Accepted for publication 26 February 2021
Published 9 April 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1535—1545
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Juei-Tang Cheng
Tudor Parvanescu,1 Andrei Vitel,1 Ioan Sporea,2 Ruxandra Mare,2 Bogdan Buz,1 Diana Aurora Bordejevic,1 Mirela Cleopatra Tomescu,1 Sergiu Florin Arnautu,3 Vlad Ioan Morariu,1 Ioana Mihaela Citu1
1Cardiology Department, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania; 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania; 3Department of Neurology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
Correspondence: Diana Aurora Bordejevic
Cardiology Department, Victor Babe” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2nd Eftimie Murgu Square, Timisoara, Romania
Tel +40 734600550
Fax +40 256220636
Email [email protected]
Cardiology Department, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2nd Eftimie Murgu Square, Timisoara, Romania
Tel +40 756346910
Email [email protected]
Purpose: The constitutive elements of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are linked with both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiovascular disease. Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), and vibration controlled transient elastography (VCTE), are able to detect and quantify NAFLD, while conventional and two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) is capable to identify subclinical changes in cardiac function. We wanted to evaluate whether there is any correspondence between left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and different degrees of liver steatosis and fibrosis in MetS subjects with NAFLD.
Patients and Methods: A total of 150 adult subjects having MetS and a normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function were recorded in the study, while 150 age- and sex- matched adults without MetS were enrolled as controls. NAFLD was established by VCTE and CAP. The left heart systolic and diastolic function was evaluated by conventional and 2D-ST echocardiography. Left atrial (LA) stiffness was calculated as the ratio between the E/A ratio and the LA reservoir-strain.
Results: In univariate regression analysis, the variables associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in MetS patients were: liver steatosis grade ≥ 2, liver fibrosis grade ≥ 2, the longitudinal LA peak strain during the reservoir phase, the LA strain rate during ventricular contraction and the LA stiffness. In multivariate logistic regression, two variables were selected as independent predictors of LV diastolic dysfunction, namely the liver stiffness (P=0.0003) and the LA stiffness (P< 0.0001). LA stiffness predicted subclinical LV diastolic dysfunction in MetS patients with a sensitivity of 45% and a specificity of 96% when using a cut-off value > 0.38, and was significantly correlated with liver steatosis stage ≥ 2 and liver fibrosis stage ≥ 2.
Conclusion: The present study confirms the association between liver stiffness, LA stiffness and LV diastolic dysfunction in MetS patients. Our study suggests that liver elastography and 2D-STE should become habitual assessments in MetS patients.
Keywords: metabolic syndrome, strain and strain‑rate imaging, left atrial stiffness, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, liver elastography, liver steatosis and fibrosis
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]