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Serum Exosomal miR-1290 is a Potential Biomarker for Lung Adenocarcinoma

Authors Wu Y, Wei J, Zhang W, Xie M, Wang X, Xu J

Received 27 May 2020

Accepted for publication 19 July 2020

Published 5 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 7809—7818

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S263934

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Takuya Aoki


Yining Wu,1,* Jia Wei,1,* Wei Zhang,1,2 Mengxiao Xie,1,2 Xueying Wang,1 Jian Xu1,2

1Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, People’s Republic of China; 2National Key Clinical Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nanjing 210029, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Jian Xu
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing 210029, People’s Republic of China
Tel/ Fax +86 25 68303453
Email xu_jian79@163.com

Purpose: Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death, with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) representing the most common subtype. Recently, exosome-based biomarkers have provided new diagnostic approaches for malignancies. We aimed to identify specific exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) as noninvasive biomarkers for LUAD.
Patients and Methods: A total of 110 participants were enrolled and randomly divided into two sets: the discovery set (n=20) and the validation set (n=90). Exosomes were isolated from serum, and miRNAs were subsequently extracted. Candidate miRNAs (miR-21, miR-221-3p, miR-222-3p, miR-223, miR-638 and miR-1290) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in the discovery set. The upregulated miR-1290 was then selected for further analysis in the validation set along with three tumor markers (CEA, CYFRA21-1 and NSE). The diagnostic and prognostic value of exosomal miR-1290 were estimated through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) and survival analysis.
Results: Serum exosomal miR-1290 was significantly upregulated in LUAD patients compared to healthy controls (P< 0.001) and decreased after resection (P=0.0029). Its expression level was associated with tumor stage, tumor size, lymph node and distant metastasis (all P < 0.05). Exosomal miR-1290 had a higher diagnostic efficacy than CEA, CYFRA21-1 and NSE, with a sensitivity of 80.0% and specificity of 96.7% (AUC: 0.937, 95% CI: 0.890– 0.985; P< 0.001). Moreover, LUAD patients with a high level of exosomal miR-1290 had significantly poorer progression-free survival (PFS) than those with a low level of exosomal miR-1290 (mean PFS: 14 months vs 37 months, P< 0.001). Cox proportional hazards model analysis demonstrated that exosomal miR-1290 could be an independent risk factor for the prognosis of LUAD (HR=7.80, P=0.017).
Conclusion: Serum exosomal miR-1290 could be a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for LUAD.

Keywords: lung adenocarcinoma, circulating miRNA, exosome, biomarker

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