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Sensitivity of high-resolution ultrasonography in clinically diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome patients with hand pain and normal nerve conduction studies

Authors Salman Roghani R, Holisaz MT, Sahami Norouzi AA, Delbari A, Gohari F, Lokk J, Boon AJ

Received 28 January 2018

Accepted for publication 1 April 2018

Published 10 July 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 1319—1325

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S164004

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Minal Joshi

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval


Reza Salman Roghani,1,2 Mohammad Taghi Holisaz,2 Ali Asghar Sahami Norouzi,2 Ahmad Delbari,3 Faeze Gohari,4 Johan Lokk,1 Andrea J Boon5,6

1Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran; 4Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 6Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

Background: Suspecting carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with hand pain is usual. Considering the variable rate of false-negative results in nerve conduction study (NCS), as a frequent reference confirmatory standard test, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of neuromuscular ultrasound in patients with clinical evidence of CTS and normal NCS.
Methods: It was a diagnostic accuracy study conducted in the outpatient clinic of Rofaydeh Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between July 2012 and December 2016; it recruited clinically diagnosed CTS patients and a control group. All participants underwent comprehensive clinical examination, NCS, and high-resolution ultrasonography of the median nerve.
Results: Two hundred and fifty patients with clinical evidence of CTS met the inclusion criteria, of whom 103 (27.1%) had normal NCS and underwent an ultrasound examination. A cutoff point of 9.4 mm2 (mean + 2 standard deviation) for median nerve cross-sectional area at the carpal tunnel inlet from the control group was set to detect 73% abnormality in the case group.
Conclusion: Ultrasonography had a sensitivity rate of 73% in patients with clinical CTS and negative NCS, increasing the overall diagnostic sensitivity for clinically suspected CTS in the electrodiagnostic lab setting to 92%. The study highlights the complementary role of ultrasonography in diagnosing CTS in conjunction with NCS.

Keywords: hand pain, sensitivity, carpal tunnel syndrome, nerve conduction, ultrasonography, false-negative reaction, diagnosis, complementary

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