Role of grape seed polyphenols in Alzheimer’s disease neuropathology
Giulio Maria Pasinetti1,2, Lap Ho1
1Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York; 2Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, James J Peters Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA
Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative condition characterized by a progressive decline in cognitive function. AD affects approximately five million people in the US, creating a devastating financial burden on health care costs and an emotional burden on caregivers. To date, there is no cure for AD, so researchers are continually exploring novel avenues for the prevention and treatment of this condition. In this article, we present some findings from our laboratory and those of others on the potential benefits of a grape seed polyphenolic extract (GSPE) for the prevention and treatment of AD, including its chemical composition, bioactivity, bioavailability, safety, and tolerability, and the mechanisms by which it interferes with AD pathogenesis. Findings presented in this review article support the development of GSPE as a preventative and/or therapeutic agent in AD.
Keywords: alzheimer’s disease, neurodegeneration, polyphenols
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