Rivastigmine in Chinese patients with subcortical vascular dementia
Authors Mok V, Wong A, Ho S, Leung T, Lam WW, Wong KS
Published 15 January 2008 Volume 2007:3(6) Pages 943—948
Vincent Mok1, Adrian Wong1, Simon Ho2, Thomas Leung1, Wynnie WM Lam2, Ka Sing Wong1
1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics; 2Department of Radiology and Organ Imaging, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
Background: We explored the efficacy and tolerability of rivastigmine among Chinese patients with subcortical vascular dementia.
Methods: Forty subjects were randomized to either placebo (n = 20) or rivastigmine (n = 20) in a double-blind 26-week trial. Outcome measures were cognition (mini-mental state examination, frontal assessment battery), neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI), instrumental activities of daily living, clinical dementia rating scale, and adverse events.
Results: No statistical significant benefit could be observed in the active group in any of the efficacy measures. A trend favoring active group was observed only in the NPI subscore of irritability (p = 0.066) and aberrant motor behavior (p = 0.068). Withdrawal rate was 30% and 15% in the active and placebo group, respectively.
Conclusion: Among Chinese subcortical vascular dementia patients, there was no apparent cognitive benefit associated with use of rivastigmine over the 6 months period. A trend favoring rivastigmine was observed in certain behavioral measures. Rivastigmine was associated with more withdrawals relative to placebo.
Keywords: rivastigmine, subcortical vascular dementia, Chinese
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