Risk Management in Executive Levels of Healthcare Organizations: Insights from a Scoping Review (2018)
Authors Ferdosi M, Rezayatmand R, Molavi Taleghani Y
Received 19 September 2019
Accepted for publication 27 February 2020
Published 19 March 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 215—243
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau
Masoud Ferdosi,1 Reza Rezayatmand,2 Yasamin Molavi Taleghani3
1Health Management and Economics Research Center, Department of Health Services Management, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; 2Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; 3Department of Health Services Management, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Correspondence: Yasamin Molavi Taleghani
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Hezar Jarib Street, Second Floor, Isfahan, Iran
Tel +98 912 7233347
Background: This study attempted to present a framework and appropriate techniques for implementing risk management (RM) in executive levels of healthcare organizations (HCOs) and grasping new future research opportunities in this field.
Methods: A scoping review was conducted of all English language studies, from January 2000 to October 2018 in the main bibliographic databases. Review selection and characterization were performed by two independent reviewers using pretested forms.
Results: Following a keyword search and an assessment of fit for this review, 37 studies were analyzed. Based on the findings and considering the ISO31000 model, a comprehensive yet simple framework of risk management is developed for the executive levels of HCOs. It includes five main phases: establishing the context, risk assessment, risk treatment, monitoring and review, and communication and consultation. A set of tools and techniques were also suggested for use at each phase. Also, the status of risk management in the executive levels of HCOs was determined based on the proposed framework.
Conclusion: The framework can be used as a training tool to guide in effective risk assessment as well as a tool to assess non-clinical risks of healthcare organizations. Managers of healthcare organizations who seek to ensure high quality should use a range of risk management methods and tools in their organizations, based on their need, and not assume that each tool is comprehensive.
Keywords: organization risk management, scoping review, risk analysis, health care, executive levels
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