Back to Journals » Journal of Pain Research » Volume 12

Risk factors associated with pain among community adults in Northwest China

Authors Guo J, Fu M, Qu Z, Wang X, Zhang X

Received 7 November 2018

Accepted for publication 2 May 2019

Published 2 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1957—1969


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Erica Wegrzyn

Jing Guo,1 Mingqi Fu,1 Zhiyong Qu,2 Xiaohua Wang,2 Xiulan Zhang2

1School of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Social Development and Public Policy, China Institute of Health, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, People’s Republic of China

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pain and to compare the correlation between depression and sleep quality and pain among adults in Northwest China, where health care resources are limited.
Methods: In total, 7,602 subjects (age ≥40 years) participated in this survey. Using the Brief Pain Inventory-Chinese version, we evaluated the overall pain among respondents, including pain sites, pain intensity, and its interference in daily life. In addition, depression symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Chinese edition. Furthermore, the subjective sleep quality among participants was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
Results: Approximately 25.2% of the participants experienced pain, and 41.7% of those perceived the worst pain they had experienced as severe pain. Chronic disease exhibited the most robust correlation with severe pain, followed by poor sleep quality. Furthermore, the correlation between depression and pain was found only in the population with severe pain.
Conclusion: The study reveals that pain affects a large proportion of Chinese adults, especially females, living in rural areas, having lower incomes, unemployed, and suffering from poor health status or mental illness. Furthermore, this study suggests we should have a screen and intervention for depression and poor sleep quality among pain suffers, which will be helpful for pain management in Northwest China.

Keywords: pain, depression, sleep quality

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]