Review of teriflunomide and its potential in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
Clemens Warnke1, Gerd Meyer zu Hörste1, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Olaf Stüve2,3,4, Bernd C Kieseier1
1Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Neurology Section, VA North Texas Health Care System, Medical Service, Dallas, TX, USA; 3Department of Neurology; 4Department of immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USA
Abstract: In the light of new cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and induced autoimmunity in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who received treatment with upcoming disease-modifying immunosuppressant drugs with a highly specific mode of action such as natalizumab, rituximab, or alemtuzumab, alternative oral treatment options for a subgroup of less severely affected MS patients are a major focus of drug development. These agents are currently investigated in phase III clinical trials and some of them are characterized by a favorable safety profile. With an emphasis on teriflunomide, the active metabolite of an immunosuppressant approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis since 1998, a number of oral treatment options for patients with MS are discussed.
Keywords: teriflunomide, multiple sclerosis, immunosuppressant, oral drugs
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