Real-World Data Of Osimertinib In Patients With Pretreated Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Study
Authors Mu Y, Xing P, Hao X, Wang Y, Li J
Received 2 July 2019
Accepted for publication 10 October 2019
Published 30 October 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 9243—9251
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li
Yuxin Mu, Puyuan Xing, Xuezhi Hao, Yan Wang, Junling Li
National Cancer Center, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Junling Li
National Cancer Center, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Number 17 Panjiayuan Nan Li, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100021, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 13801178891
Purpose: Osimertinib is an oral, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeted for both EGFR sensitizing mutations and T790M resistance mutation in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We assessed efficacy and safety of osimertinib in patients with pretreated NSCLC in a real-world setting.
Patients and methods: Ninety-four patients with advanced NSCLC who received osimertinib after progression of prior EGFR-TKIs or chemotherapy treatments were retrospectively collected.
Results: In patients evaluable for response analysis (n = 91), overall objective response rate (ORR) was 47.3%, and disease control rate (DCR) was 90.1%. Median duration of response (DoR) in responding patients was 12.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.7 to 14.3). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.5 months (95% CI, 7.4 to 9.6) in 2nd line group, 9.1 months (95% CI, 6.6 to 11.6) in ≥3rd line group, and 8.6 months (95% CI, 7.2 to 10.0) in overall population. For subgroup analysis, DCR and median PFS were 91.9% and 8.6 months (95% CI, 7.2 to 10.0) in patients with detectable T790M mutation, respectively, while 80.0% and 3.2 months (95% CI, 0.5 to 5.9) for those without. Median PFS was significantly longer for T790M-positive patients co-occurring with exon19del than with L858R (17.9 months vs 7.3 months; P<0.001). Among 45 patients with metastases to the central nervous system (CNS), median systemic PFS was 8.8 months (95% CI, 6.9 to 10.7), while intracranial time to progression (iTTP) was not reached. Safety profile was acceptable, no adverse events (AEs) related deaths was observed.
Conclusion: Osimertinib was highly active in patients with pretreated advanced NSCLC who harbored EGFR T790M mutation, with manageable side-effects.
Keywords: osimertinib, non-small-cell lung cancer, efficacy, safety
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