Quality of Life and Emotional States of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Adolescents with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study
Authors Saei Ghare Naz M, Ramezani Tehrani F, Behroozi Lak T, Mohammadzadeh F, Nasiri M, Kholosi Badr F, Ozgoli G
Received 5 December 2019
Accepted for publication 12 February 2020
Published 28 February 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 203—209
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Mei-chun Cheung
Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz,1,2 Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani,2 Tahereh Behroozi Lak,3 Farnaz Mohammadzadeh,4 Malihe Nasiri,5 Farahnaz Kholosi Badr,6 Giti Ozgoli7
1Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Infertility, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran; 4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedic, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran; 6Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 7Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Correspondence: Giti Ozgoli
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Tel|Fax +98 21 88202512
Background: The chronic condition of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents can affect different aspects of quality of life in them. This study aimed to determine the correlation between the quality of life with emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress in adolescents with PCOS.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 120 adolescents with PCOS in Tehran, Iran in 2019. The sociodemographic checklist, quality of life, depression, anxiety and stress (DASS) were assayed by valid and reliable questionnaires. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient and linear regression were used for data analysis, which was performed by SPSS (V.22).
Results: The mean (SD) age and menarche age of participants were 16.58 (1.36) and 12.52 (1.19) years, respectively. The most common clinical symptoms of adolescence were irregular menstruation (85%) and acne (61.7%). According to the result of this study, there was a significant reverse correlation between total score of SF-12 with total scores of depression, anxiety and stress (r=− 0.395, p=0.001) and a significant reverse correlation was also found between each dimension of DASS scale and 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) (p< 0.001). Based on the linear regression model and after controlling the demographic variables, there was a linear regression relationship between total DASS score and SF-12 (Beta= − 0.367, p= 0.003).
Conclusion: The study results reveal the role of emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress in the quality of life of adolescents with PCOS. Based on our findings, we emphasize the interventional studies and guides for improving all dimensions of quality of life and reducing the psychological burden of PCOS in later life of adolescence.
Keywords: polycystic ovary syndrome, quality of life, anxiety, depression, stress
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