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Protective role of quercetin against manganese-induced injury in the liver, kidney, and lung; and hematological parameters in acute and subchronic rat models [Retraction]

Authors Bahar E, Lee GH, Bhattarai KR, Lee HY, Kim HK, Handigund M, Choi MK, Han SY, Chae HJ, Yoon H

Received 4 March 2019

Accepted for publication 4 March 2019

Published 18 March 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 907—908

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S207534


Bahar E, Lee G-H, Bhattarai KR, et al. Drug Des Dev Ther. 2017;11:2605–2619.

The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of Drug Design, Development and Therapy wish to retract the published article.
Concerns were raised about the possibility of image duplication in the published article. Following a review, it was determined the article contained an unacceptable level of image duplication and the findings and conclusions in the presented study were no longer supported.
The affected figures within the present article are:

● Figure 5 image Mn, Mn + Qct25 and Mn + Qct50
● Figure 6 image Mn, Mn + Qct25 and Mn + Qct50
● Figure 9 image Kidney Mn + Qct50 is the same
presented in Figure 10 Kidney Mn + Qct50
● Figure 9 Lung Control is the same presented in
Figure 9 Lung Mn + Qct25, Mn + Qct50 and Figure
10 Lung Control
● Figure 9 Lung Mn in the same presented in Figure 10
Lung Mn + Qct25
● Figure 11 Liver Control is the same presented in
Figure 11 Liver Mn + Qct50
● Figure 11 Kidney Mn + Qct25 is the same as Figure
11 Kidney Mn + Qct50
It was established the author Entaz Bahar acted alone in the image manipulation, however the remaining authors accept accountability for all aspects of the work as part of their publication agreement.

Our decision-making was informed by COPE’s retraction guidelines. The authors cooperated throughout the process and agree with the decision to retract. The authors wish to apologize for this error.
This retraction relates to this paper
 

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