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Proportion of Depression and Its Associated Factors Among Youth HIV/AIDS Clients Attending ART Clinic in Dessie Town Government Health Facilities, Northeast Ethiopia

Authors Getaye A, Cherie N, Bazie GW, Gebremeskel Aragie T

Received 10 December 2020

Accepted for publication 13 January 2021

Published 29 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 197—205


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Amare Getaye,1 Niguss Cherie,1 Getaw Walle Bazie,1 Teshome Gebremeskel Aragie2

1Wollo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Dessie, Ethiopia; 2Woldia University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Woldia, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Amare Getaye
Wollo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Dessie, Ethiopia

Background: Depression is the most prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS than people without HIV/AIDS. Depression is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV/AIDS and adversely affects the adherence to antiretroviral therapy, quality of life, and health-related parameters.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the proportion of depression and its associated factors among youth HIV/AIDS patients attending ART clinics in Dessie town Government health facilities, Northeast Ethiopia.
Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study design was employed on 431 youth HIV/AIDS patients attending ART clinics at Dessie town Public health facilities. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire. EPI-Data software version 3.1 was used to enter the data and analysis was done using SPSS version 23. Binary logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with depression. Statistical significance was declared at a p-value of less than 0.05 in the final model.
Results: The proportion of depression among youth HIV/AIDS patients was 26.2%. The age range between 20 and 24 years (AOR = 2.019, 95% CI: 1.143– 3.566), poor medication adherence (AOR = 9.007, 95% CI: 3.061– 26.500), stigma (AOR = 4.14, 95% CI: 2.08– 8.26), and low social support (AOR = 1.854, 95% CI: 1.034– 3.324) were associated with depression.
Conclusion: The proportion of depression among youth HIV patients in the current study was found to be lower compared to previous studies. Age, HIV-related stigma, social support, lost job, and poor medication adherence were found to be independent predictors of depression. Therefore, scaling up the pediatric psychosocial support program to youth psychosocial support for all ART site health facilities, strengthening health education about the medication adherence and complication of HIV/AIDS are needed.

Keywords: depression, Ethiopia, HIV/AIDS, youth

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