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Prognostic value of inflammation-based prognostic index in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a propensity score matching study

Authors Oei RW, Ye L, Kong F, Du C, Zhai R, Xu T, Shen C, Wang X, He X, Kong L, Hu C, Ying H

Received 16 April 2018

Accepted for publication 27 May 2018

Published 17 August 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 2785—2797

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S171239

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Ronald Wihal Oei,1,2,* Lulu Ye,1,2,* Fangfang Kong,1,2 Chengrun Du,1,2 Ruiping Zhai,1,2 Tingting Xu,1,2 Chunying Shen,1,2 Xiaoshen Wang,1,2 Xiayun He,1,2 Lin Kong,1,2 Chaosu Hu,1,2 Hongmei Ying1,2

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose:
The aim of this article is to investigate the significance of pretreatment prognostic nutritional index (PNI), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), and their combination in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).
Materials and methods: A total of 585 patients were included. PNI and SII were calculated within 2 weeks prior to treatment. The optimal cutoff points were determined based on receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. The correlation between variables was analyzed. Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were performed to evaluate the impact of both indices on overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS). Further propensity score matching (PSM) was carried out to minimize the effects of confounders.
Results: The optimal cutoff point of 53.0 for PNI and 527.20 for SII were selected. Pearson correlation coefficient showed an inverse correlation between PNI and SII (r = –0.232, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that pretreatment PNI was an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = 0.047) and DMFS (P = 0.002) while pretreatment SII was an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = 0.003), PFS (P = 0.002), and DMFS (P = 0.002). After PSM, both parameters remained as independent prognosticators of survival. Additional prognostic value was observed in the combined use of PNI and SII.
Conclusion: Pretreatment PNI and SII are promising indicators of survival in NPC patients undergoing IMRT. They can be utilized to refine current TNM staging system in predicting prognosis and developing an individualized treatment in these patients.

Keywords: prognostic nutritional index, systemic immune-inflammation index, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, prognostic factor, survival

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