Prevalence of eating disorders and eating attacks in narcolepsy
Authors Dahmen N, Becht J, Engel A, Thommes M, Tonn P
Published 8 February 2008 Volume 2008:4(1) Pages 257—261
Norbert Dahmen, Julia Becht, Alice Engel, Monika Thommes, Peter Tonn
Psychiatry Department, University of Mainz, Germany
Abstract: Narcoleptic patients suffer frequently from obesity and type II diabetes. Most patients show a deficit in the energy balance regulating orexinergic system. Nevertheless, it is not known, why narcoleptic patients tend to be obese. We examined 116 narcoleptic patients and 80 controls with the structured interview for anorectic and bulimic eating disorders (SIAB) to test the hypothesis that typical or atypical eating attacks or eating disorders may be more frequent in narcoleptic patients. No difference in the current prevalence of eating disorders bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or anorexia nervosa was found, nor was the frequency of eating attacks higher in the narcolepsy group. We conclude that present eating disorders and eating attacks as defined in DSM IV are not the reason for the observed differences in body composition. Additional factors, such as basal metabolic rates and lifestyle factors need to be considered.
Keywords: narcolepsy, eating disorder, SIAB, bulimia, anorexia, eating attack
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