Prevalence of Diabetes Related Distress and Associated Factors Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients Attending Hospitals, Southwest Ethiopia, 2020: A Cross-Sectional Study
Received 4 November 2020
Accepted for publication 3 January 2021
Published 26 January 2021 Volume 2021:12 Pages 13—22
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Lynne Nemeth
Bonsa Amsalu Geleta,1 Sanbato Tamiru Dingata,1 Milkias Dugassa Emanu,1 Lemi Bacha Eba,1 Kebebe Bidira Abera,1 Dereje Tsegaye2
1Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia; 2Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Bonsa Amsalu Geleta Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Diabetes related distress is the most common psychological co-morbid condition among type 2 diabetes patients. However, although the number of people living with diabetes has continued to increase over the last 10 years, information regarding diabetes related distress is limited in Ethiopia.
Objective: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of diabetes related distress and associated factors among type 2 diabetes patients attending hospitals in Southwest Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was employed on 360 type 2 diabetes patients attending hospitals from January 1 to March 30, 2020. Convenient sampling technique was used to select study participants. Data were entered into EpiData manager version 4.2.2 and exported to Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. The statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.
Results: Out of a total 360 patients recruited, 321 (89.2%) patients (201 male and 120 female) were involved in the study. The mean age of the participants was 41.3 (SD = 12.8) years. The prevalence of diabetes related distress was 118 (36.8%) in which emotional distress was the most prevalent (43.6%) domain. Level of education [AOR 4.55; 95% CI: 1.28– 16.19], family or social support [AOR 0.62; 95% CI: 0.33– 1.06], duration of diabetes [AOR 0.75; 95% CI: 0.35– 1.55], having diabetes complications [AOR 1.98; 95% CI: 1.0– 3.86], smoking status [AOR 1.6; 95% CI: 1.12– 2.97] and alcohol consumption status [AOR 1.4; 95% CI: 1.07– 2.53] were the identified factors of diabetes related distress.
Conclusion: Diabetes related distress was highly prevalent in type 2 diabetes patients. Healthcare providers need to address this through integrating psychosocial care with collaborative medical care.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diabetes distress, prevalence, associated factors
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