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Prevalence of abdominal obesity in Abia State, Nigeria: results of a population-based house-to-house survey

Authors Chukwuonye II, Chuku A, Onyeonoro UU, Okpechi IG, Madukwe OO, Umeizudike TI, Ogah OS

Received 1 February 2013

Accepted for publication 11 March 2013

Published 1 August 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 285—291

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S43545

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Innocent Ijezie Chukwuonye,1 Abali Chuku,2 Ugochukwu Uchenna Onyeonoro,3 Ikechi Gareth Okpechi,4 Okechukwu Ojoemelam Madukwe,5 Theophilus Ifeanyichukwu Umeizudike,6 Okechukwu Samuel Ogah7,8

1
Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Ophthalmology, 3Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria; 4Division of Hypertension and Nephrology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; 5Ministry of Health, Nnamdi Azikiwe Secretariat, Umuahia, Nigeria; 6Department of Internal Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria; 7Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; 8Office of the Commissioner for Health, Abia State Ministry of Health, Umuahia, Nigeria

Background and objective: Abdominal obesity is associated with the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes and hypertension. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of abdominal obesity in Abia State, Nigeria.
Materials and methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study aimed at ascertaining the prevalence of abdominal obesity in Abia State, Nigeria. Participants in the study were recruited from communities in the three senatorial zones in the state. Screening for abdominal obesity was carried out in these subjects using waist circumference (the National Cholesterol Education Program Third Adult Treatment Panel criteria were used). The World Health Organization Stepwise Approach to Surveillance of chronic disease risk factors was used. Body mass index, anthropometric measurements, and other relevant data were also collected.
Results: Data on waist circumference were obtained from 2,807 subjects. The prevalence of obesity using body mass index in the population was 11.12%. In men and women, it was 7.73%, and 14.37%, respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity in the population was 21.75%. In men and women, it was 3.2% and 39.2%, respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is high in Nigeria, and needs to be monitored because it is associated with increased cardiovascular risk.

Keywords: waist circumference, body mass index, central obesity

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