Prevalence and Associated Factors of Human Immune Deficiency Virus and Tuberculosis Co-Infection in Patients Attending Kolla Diba Health Center, Dembia District, Northwest Ethiopia
Received 16 December 2020
Accepted for publication 29 January 2021
Published 12 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 191—196
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya
Tadesse Asmamaw Dejenie,1 Worku Mamo Degu,2 Setognal Birara Aychiluhm,3 Endeshaw Chekol Abebe,4 Markeshaw Tiruneh G/Medhin1
1Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia; 3Carter Center, Atlanta, Ethiopia; 4Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Tadesse Asmamaw Dejenie Tel +251 909045760
Background: TB-HIV co-infection is the most common problem of African countries, especially, Sub-Saharan countries including Ethiopia. So this study aimed to assess TB-HIV co-infection with its associated factors in patients with Tuberculosis in Northwest Ethiopia. Although the prevalence of TB-HIV was low, the need for strengthening the health extension program especially in urban dwellers also needed to include TB-HIV testing.
Objective: This study aimed to assess TB-HIV co-infection with its associated factors in patients with Tuberculosis in Northwest Ethiopia.
Methodology: Institutional based cross-sectional study has been done and a total of 638 subjects participated in the study. The data of the study subjects were collected from the tuberculosis logbook using two trained data collectors who were work in the TB DOTS program and by using a well-prepared checklist and SPSS was used for analyzing data.
Results: 9.7% (62/638) of TB patients were found to be co-infected with HIV. Among these 32 (11.4%) were females and 30 (8.4%) were males. More infected individuals were found in urban residents 44 (20%) than rural residents and age groups 30– 40 years 31 (22.5%) are more infected than the other age group. TBforms, age, and residence were associated with HIV/TB co-infection significantly.
Conclusions and Recommendations: Although the prevalence of TB-HIV was low, the need for strengthening the health extension program especially in urban dwellers is needed to include TB-HIV testing. Further surveys involving HIV infected TB patients to strengthen and scale-up for TB and HIV is needed.
Keywords: TB-HIV co-infection, Kolla Diba, Northwest Ethiopia
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