Pretreatment with inhaled procaterol improves symptoms of dyspnea and quality of life in patients with severe COPD
Hiroyuki Ohbayashi,1,2 Mitsuru Adachi2
1Department of Allergy and Respiratory Medicine, Tohno-Kousei Hospital, Gifu; 2Department of Respiratory and Allergy Medicine, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan
Background: The clinical efficacy of short-acting β2-agonists administered before performing daily activities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of supplementary inhaled procaterol hydrochloride in patients with COPD.
Methods: Thirty outpatients with moderate to severe COPD (Stage II–IV) regularly using inhaled tiotropium bromide alone and with dyspnea during daily activities were enrolled. Subjects self-administered 20 µg of inhaled procaterol before daily activities no more than four times daily. Dyspnea symptom scores, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) activity domains, impulse oscillometry system parameters, and pulmonary function tests were recorded at the beginning and end of the 2-week study.
Results: At baseline, more than 80% of subjects reported dyspnea when walking up a slope (100.0%), climbing stairs (100.0%), gardening (93.3%), walking on flat ground (90.0%), bathing (86.7%), getting on a bus or train (83.3%), and changing clothes (80.0%). After 2 weeks, subjects with Stage III symptoms had significantly improved dyspnea scores on walking up a slope (P = 0.047), climbing stairs (P = 0.014), gardening (P = 0.034), walking on flat ground (P = 0.006), getting on a bus or train (P = 0.039), and changing clothes (P = 0.045). Both symptom and activity SGRQ domains improved significantly in subjects with Stage III symptoms (P = 0.036 and P = 0.028, respectively). Resistance of small airways and low-frequency reactance area values improved significantly in subjects with Stage III symptoms (P = 0.003 and P = 0.004, respectively). No significant changes were found in pulmonary function tests.
Conclusion: Use of supplementary inhaled procaterol before performing daily activities improved dyspnea symptoms in subjects with Stage III COPD.
Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, impulse oscillometry system, procaterol, daily activities, quality of life
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