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Practice of COVID-19 Prevention Measures and Associated Factors Among Residents of Dire Dawa City, Eastern Ethiopia: Community-Based Study

Authors Amsalu B, Guta A, Seyoum Z, Kassie N, Sema A, Dejene W, Fikadu Woldemedhen Y, Kasahun M, Sintayehu Y, Belay Y

Received 30 November 2020

Accepted for publication 19 January 2021

Published 2 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 219—228

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S292409

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Bezabih Amsalu,1 Alemu Guta,1 Zinabie Seyoum,2 Nigus Kassie,1 Alekaw Sema,1 Wondifraw Dejene,2 Yitagesu Fikadu Woldemedhen,2 Mekdes Kasahun,2 Yitagesu Sintayehu,1 Yalelet Belay1

1College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; 2College of Social Science and Humanities, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Alemu Guta Tel +251920470061
Email chelsea0061@gmail.com

Introduction: COVID-19 is a current health concern in the world. People applying the prevention methods of COVID-19 are vital determinants of curbing the spread of the coronavirus. This study aimed to assess the practices and associated factors of the COVID-19 preventive measures among Dire Dawa residents.
Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional mixed method was used. We conducted the study between June 15th and July 15th, 2020. The subjects of the study were selected by using systematic random sampling. We collected data through face-to-face and in-depth interviews. Both bivariate and multiple logistic regression were employed to determine the predictor variables with the practice of COVID-19 prevention measures. Thematic content analysis analyzed qualitative data.
Results: The practice of COVID-19 preventive measures was 40.7% (95% CI: 37– 44.4%). Being female [AOR= 1.8; 95% CI: 1.17– 2.72], married [AOR=2.75; 95% CI: 1.68– 4.48], family income > 10,000 Ethiopia birr [AOR=7.3; 95% CI: 3.8– 13.9], having history of a chronic disease [AOR=3.46 (1.69, 7.08)], not chewing khat [AOR= 2.15; 95% CI: 1.1– 4.2], had a good knowledge about COVID-19 [AOR=5.23; 95% CI: 3– 9], and had a favorable attitude about COVID-19 [AOR=3.87; 95% CI: 2.4– 6.14] were significantly associated with practice of COVID-19 preventive measures. The qualitative result revealed the communities are not willingly practicing prevention measures because of carelessness and ignorant of the consequences of COVID-19, and some communities believed that COVID-19 is not a real pandemic rather government uses it merely to gain political profit.
Conclusion: The proportion of practice of COVID-19 preventive measures was low. Sex, marital status, income, history of chronic disease, history of khat chewing, knowledge, and attitude about COVID-19 were associated factors with COVID-19 preventive practices. The communities were not practicing the COVID-19 prevention method because of poor knowledge and a negative attitude.

Keywords: COVID-19, practice, preventive measures, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

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