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Physical Comorbidities are Independently Associated with Higher Rates of Psychiatric Readmission in a Chinese Han Population

Authors Yang C, Zhong X, Zhou H, Wu Z, Zhang M, Ning Y

Received 11 May 2020

Accepted for publication 27 July 2020

Published 10 September 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 2073—2082


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jun Chen

Chunyu Yang,1– 4,* Xiaomei Zhong,2,4,* Huarong Zhou,2,4 Zhangying Wu,2,4 Min Zhang,2,4 Yuping Ning1,2,4

1The First School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 3The Third People’s Hospital of Zhongshan, Zhongshan, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 4Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Center for Translational Medicine of Mental Disorders, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Yuping Ning
The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Mingxin Road #36, Liwan District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 20-8126-8720
Fax +86 20-8189-1391

Background: In people with psychosis, physical comorbidities are highly widespread and leading contributors to the untimely death encountered. Readmission rates in psychiatric patients are very high. Somatic comorbidities could be one of the considerable risk factors for psychiatric rehospitalization. Nevertheless, much less is known about the relation between physical comorbidities and psychiatric readmission. We aimed to investigate the association between physical comorbidities and psychiatric readmission in Han Chinese patients with psychiatric disorders.
Methods: We used administrative data for January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2018 from the headquarters of the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University to identify adults with schizophrenia, unipolar depression or bipolar disorder discharged from hospital. Data were extracted on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) was used to assess the existence of significant physical comorbidity. Cox proportional hazards regression estimated rehospitalization risk after discharge.
Results: A total of 15,620 individuals were included in this study, with the mean age of 35.1 years (SD = 12.8), and readmission occurred for 23.6% of participants. Survival analysis showed that physical comorbidities were statistically and significantly associated with psychiatric readmission, even after the adjustment for the number of psychiatric comorbidities, other sociodemographic and clinical variables.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that somatic comorbidities are related with higher rates of psychiatric readmission. Hence, to treat psychosis more effectively and to reduce rehospitalization, it is crucial to treat physical comorbidities promptly and adequately. It is absolutely necessary to bring somatic comorbidities to the forefront of psychiatric treatment and research.

Keywords: psychiatric disorder, physical comorbidity, readmission, survival analysis

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