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Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of multi-
drug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates harboring
blaCTX-M group extended-spectrum β-lactamases recovered
from pediatric patients in Shenzhen, southern China

Authors Patil S, Chen X, Lian M, Wen F

Received 29 December 2018

Accepted for publication 10 April 2019

Published 16 May 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1325—1332


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Joachim Wink

Sandip Patil,1,2 Xiaowen Chen,1,2 Ma Lian,2 Feiqiu Wen1,2

1Department of Haematology and Oncology, Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province 518038, People’s Republic of China; 2Paediatric Research Institute, Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province 518038, People’s Republic of China

Aims and Objectives: The emergence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) particularly CTX-M producing multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the greatest challenges for community health globally. The study investigated the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of ESBLs-producing E. coli recovered from pediatric patients from Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, China.
Materials and methods: Present study, a total of 2,670 isolates of E. coli were collected from Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, China of which 950 were ESBLs producer. ESBLs production was confirmed by using the combination disc diffusion method, and antimicrobial susceptibility test was detected. In addition, β-lactamase-producing genes and co-existence of carbapenem/colistin resistance genes were determined by PCR assay and sequencing. The diversity and phylogenetic relationship were determined by multi-locus sequence typing method.
Results: Thirty-five percent (n=950) prevalence of ESBLs-producing E. coli we reported in Shenzhen, China of which 50 ESBLs producing E. coli were randomly selected for a further characterization. All 50 ESBLs- producing E. coli isolates revealed MDR phenotype and 100% were resistant to Ampicillin/sulbactam, Ampicillin, Cefazolin, and Ceftriaxone. All 50 ESBLs producers harbored at least one type of β-lactamase gene particular blaCTX-M. The PCR and sequencing revealed the most common CTX-M subtype was blaCTX-M-15 (n=18), followed by blaCTX-M-14 (n=16), blaCTX-M-90 (n=9), blaCTX-M-55 (n=3), blaCTX-M-27, blaCTX-M-101, and blaCTX-M-211 each (n=1). Co-existence of blaCTX-M with blaTEM, blaSHV, blaGES, and blaVEB was detected in few isolates. Among identified sequence types, ST131 (12%) was more dominant in ESBLs-producing E. coli. Phylogenetic group A was the most prominent group among the ESBLs-producing E. coli based on multiplex PCR.
Conclusion: Our study shows the prevalence of blaCTX-M gene in ESBLs-producing E. coli in pediatric patients in Shenzhen, China. We highlight the importance to monitor the emergence and trends of ESBLs-producing isolates in a pediatric healthcare setting.

Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance, molecular characterization, MLST, ESBLs, Escherichia coli

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