Pharmacokinetics and tolerability of eletriptan hydrobromide in healthy Korean subjects
Received 14 August 2017
Accepted for publication 27 December 2017
Published 19 February 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 331—337
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Anastasios Lymperopoulos
Yu Kyong Kim,1 Kwang-Hee Shin,2 Jeffrey Alderman,3 Kyung-Sang Yu,1 In-Jin Jang,1 SeungHwan Lee1
1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2College of Pharmacy, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; 3Pfizer, Inc., New York, NY, USA
Background: Migraine is one of the most common headache disorders that greatly affect the quality of life. Selective serotonin (5-HT) receptor agonists such as triptamine-based drugs called triptans are used for treatment of migraine.
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) and tolerability profiles of eletriptan hydrobromide (eletriptan HBr), a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (also known as serotonin) 1B/1D receptor agonist, in Koreans and compare the results to those observed in non-Koreans in a previously published study.
Patients and methods: A randomized, open-label, single, and repeated-dose study was conducted in 16 healthy Korean male subjects using a four-treatment, four-period, and four-sequence crossover design (NCT01139515). The subjects received one of the following four treatments in each period: a single dose of 20, 40, 80 mg eletriptan HBr or a repeated oral dose of 40 mg 2 h apart. Blood samples were collected before and up to 26 h after dosing for quantification of plasma eletriptan concentration by high-performance liquid chromatography tandem–mass spectrometry. The PK parameters were estimated using noncompartmental methods. Ethnicity differences between Korean and non-Korean subjects were identified using geometric mean ratios and 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of dose-normalized maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and dose-normalized area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from 0 h to the last measurable concentration (AUC0–t).
Results: After single-dose administration of eletriptan HBr to Korean subjects, the mean Cmax and AUC0–t increased linearly with dose. Comparable total systemic exposures were observed in the 2 h apart 40 mg repeated and single 80 mg dose. The geometric mean ratios (90% CIs) of the dose-normalized Cmax and AUC0–t of Korean subjects were similar to those of non-Korean subjects reported in the literature. The adverse events observed were transient and mild in severity.
Conclusion: Eletriptan HBr showed linear PK and was well tolerated in Korean subjects. The PK and tolerability of eletriptan HBr did not differ between Korean and non-Korean subjects.
Keywords: pharmacokinetics, migraine, eletriptan hydrobromide, Korean subjects
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