Pharmacokinetic comparison of a fixed-dose combination versus concomitant administration of fimasartan, amlodipine, and rosuvastatin using partial replicated design in healthy adult subjects
Authors Oh M, Ghim JL, Park SE, Kim EY, Shin JG
Received 31 January 2018
Accepted for publication 27 March 2018
Published 8 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1157—1164
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Qiongyu Guo
Minkyung Oh,1 Jong-Lyul Ghim,1,2 Sung-Eun Park,2 Eun-Young Kim,1,2 Jae-Gook Shin1,2
1Department of Pharmacology and PharmacoGenomics Research Center, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety profiles of a fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulation of fimasartan, amlodipine, and rosuvastatin with the co-administration of the two products by using a replicated crossover study design in healthy male subjects.
Materials and methods: This was an open-label, randomized, three-sequence, three-period replicated crossover study in healthy male subjects. The replicated crossover design was done because of high coefficient of variation of PK parameter for fimasartan, that is, >30%. With a 14 days washout period, an FDC tablet containing 60 mg fimasartan, 10 mg amlodipine, and 20 mg rosuvastatin was administered only once, and separate formulations of fimasartan/amlodipine 60 mg/10 mg FDC tablet and 20 mg rosuvastatin tablet administered twice. Blood samples were collected up to 72 hours following drug administration. The plasma concentrations of fimasartan, amlodipine, and rosuvastatin were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Safety was assessed by evaluating vital signs, clinical laboratory parameters, physical examinations, and medical interviews.
Results: The geometric mean ratios and 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve from time zero to the last measurable sampling time (AUCt) were 1.0776 (0.9201–1.2622) and 0.9978 (0.9538–1.0439) for fimasartan, 1.0038 (0.9782–1.0301) and 1.0055 (0.9828–1.0288) for amlodipine, and 1.0006 (0.9290–1.0776) and 0.9986 (0.9532–1.0461) for rosuvastatin, respectively. A total of 22 adverse events (AEs) were reported by 60 subjects; there were no significant differences in the incidence of AEs between the two groups.
Conclusion: The 90% CI of the Cmax of fimasartan was within the widened acceptance limit, ln(0.6984)–ln(1.4319). The 90% CIs of the other PK parameters for drugs were between ln(0.8) and ln(1.25). These results suggest that the FDC formulation is pharmacokinetically bioequivalent and has a similar safety profile, to the co-administration of its three constituent drugs.
Keywords: replicated crossover, bioequivalence, fixed-dose combination, pharmacokinetics, fimasartan
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