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Oral health in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome: current perspectives

Authors Bantim YCV, Kussaba ST, Carvalho GP, Garcia-Junior IR, Roman-Torres CVG

Received 5 February 2019

Accepted for publication 10 June 2019

Published 4 July 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 163—170


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri

Yasmin Comoti Vita Bantim,1 Sérgio Takashi Kussaba,2,3 Gilberto Paiva de Carvalho,4 Idelmo Rangel Garcia-Junior,1 Caio Vinícius Gonçalves Roman-Torres3

1Department of Surgery an Integrated Clinic, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State - University Unesp, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil; 2Department of Dentistry, Cathedral College, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil; 3Department of Dentistry, University Santo Amaro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 4Nursing College, Center of Health Science – Federal University of Roraima, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil

Abstract: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare complex multisystem disorder and presents several aspects related to dentistry. The purpose of this review is to present current perspectives about oral health in patients with PWS. Delay development, hyperphagia, foamy and highly viscous saliva raise the risk of caries and contribute to tooth wear. Cariogenic foods uncontrolled consumption allows to obesity and dental problems progress worsening systemic disorders. These factors can be controlled. The success in follow-ups with caries free and oral health controlled demonstrate the importance of multidisciplinary team intervention corroborated by support at home from birth to adulthood. Thereby, current perspective on the disease is that there is possibility of proper maintenance of oral health in PWS patients. Guided care interferes positively with the overall well-being and quality of life of the individual with PWS and their family. A multidisciplinary team with a focus on teaching patients and family members will help minimize eventual problems.

Keywords: Prader-Willi syndrome, oral health, patient care management

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