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Novel self-nanomicellizing solid dispersion based on rebaudioside A: a potential nanoplatform for oral delivery of curcumin

Authors Hou Y, Wang H, Zhang F, Sun F, Xin M, Li M, Li J, Wu X

Received 18 October 2018

Accepted for publication 30 November 2018

Published 11 January 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 557—571

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S191337

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang


Yuzhen Hou,1 Hui Wang,1 Fan Zhang,1 Fengyuan Sun,1 Meng Xin,1,2 Mengshuang Li,1,3 Jun Li,4 Xianggen Wu1

1Department of Pharmacy, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, China; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Yantai 264100, China; 3Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services, Qingdao Women and Children’s Hospital, Qingdao 266034, China; 4Qingdao Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China

Purpose: Rebaudioside A (RA) has nanocarrier characteristics that allow it to self-assemble into micelles in aqueous solutions. The purpose of this study was to determine if a self-nanomicellizing solid dispersion based on RA could be utilized as an oral nano-drug delivery system.
Materials and methods: Curcumin (Cur) served as a model hydrophobic drug, and a Cur-loaded self-nanomicellizing solid dispersion based on RA (RA-Cur) was formulated. The properties of RA-Cur in the solid state and in aqueous solution were characterized. The antioxidant activity and mechanism of RA-Cur endocytosis were also investigated. The pharmacokinetics, biodistribution in the intestinal tract, and anti-inflammation properties were also evaluated in vivo.
Results: RA-Cur could be easily fabricated, and it self-assembled into ultrasmall micelles (particle size ~4 nm) in a homogeneous distribution state (polydispersity index <0.2) when dissolved in water. Cur was readily encapsulated into RA micelles and this improved its water solubility (to 14.34±1.66 mg/mL), as well as its in vitro release and membrane permeability. The antioxidant activities of Cur in RA-Cur were also significantly improved. Biodistribution in the intestinal tract confirmed a significant enhancement of Cur absorption in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum by encapsulation in RA-Cur, and the absorption of RA-Cur was governed by mixed transcytosis mechanisms. Pharmacokinetic tests of RA-Cur in rats revealed a dramatic 19.06-fold enhancement of oral bioavailability when compared to free Cur. More importantly, oral administration of RA-Cur could efficiently ameliorate ulcerative colitis in a mouse model induced by dextran sodium sulfate.
Conclusion: Self-nanomicellizing solid dispersions based on RA have great potential as novel oral nano-drug delivery systems for hydrophobic drugs such as Cur.

Keywords: rebaudioside A, curcumin, self-nanomicellizing, micelle, solid dispersion, drug delivery

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