New Findings On Gender: The Effects Of Employment Status On Suicide
Received 26 May 2019
Accepted for publication 9 October 2019
Published 4 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 569—575
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer
Augustine J Kposowa,1 Dina Aly Ezzat,1 Kevin Breault2
1Department of Sociology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA; 2Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA
Correspondence: Augustine J Kposowa
Department of Sociology, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Tel +1 951 456 5425
Fax +1 951 827 5444
Background and objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of gender and employment on suicide with the use of expanded unemployment statuses as covariates.
Methods: Data were obtained from release 5 of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, a prospective study of deaths in the United States. Proportional hazards regression models were fitted to the data based on follow-up from 1990 to 2011.
Results: Unemployment was significantly associated with suicide (ARR=1.628, 95% CI=1.356, 1.954), and men had suicide deaths that were five times greater than women (ARR=5.104, 95% CI=4.565, 5.707), however when the sample was stratified by sex, the impact of unemployment on suicide was much higher among women (ARR=2.988, 95% CI=2.045, 4.366) than among men (ARR=1.393, 95% CI=1.131, 1.717).
Conclusion: Contrary to many findings and gender assumptions, unemployed women in the U.S. have higher deaths from suicide than unemployed men. Discussion focused on explanations for gender disparities in unemployment.
Keywords: suicide, unemployment, gender
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]