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Molecular characterization, serotypes and phenotypic and genotypic evaluation of antibiotic resistance of the Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from different types of hospital-acquired infections

Authors Ranjbar R, Kelishadrokhi AF, Chehelgerdi M

Received 27 December 2018

Accepted for publication 19 February 2019

Published 20 March 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 603—611


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony

Reza Ranjbar,1 Ali Fatahian Kelishadrokhi,2 Mohammad Chehelgerdi2

1Molecular Biology Research Center, Systems Biology and Poisonings Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Biotechnology Research Center, Shahr-e Kord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahr-e Kord, Iran

Purpose: Virulent and resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains are considered as one of the most significant causes of hospital-acquired infections. The present investigation was done to study the distribution of virulence factors, capsule serotypes and phenotypic and genotypic evaluation of antibiotic resistance of the K. pneumoniae strains isolated from hospital-acquired infections.
Patients Materials and methods: Two hundred and sixty different types of hospital-acquired infections were collected and cultured. Antibiotic resistance pattern of K. pneumoniae isolates and their molecular characterization were studied using disk diffusion and PCR, respectively.
Results: One hundred and fifty out of 260 (44.22%) hospital-acquired infections harbored K. pneumoniae. Urine samples (63.75%) had the highest prevalence of K. pneumoniae, while wound (33.33%) had the lowest. K. pneumoniae strains harbored the highest prevalence of resistance against ampicillin (100%), cefuroxime (100%), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (95.65%) and ceftazidime (95.52%). FimH-1 (93.04%), traT (92.17%), mrkD (84.34%), and entB (80.86%) were the most commonly detected virulence genes. AcrAB (96.52%) and tolC (85.21%) were the most commonly detected antibiotic resistance genes. Prevalence of ompK35 and ompK36 virulence genes were 75.65% and 79.13%, respectively. Prevalence of K1 and K2-positive serotypes were 27.82% and 6.96%, respectively.
Conclusions: High prevalence of resistance against several types of antibiotics and simultaneous presence of some virulence factors and multi-drug resistance genes pose an important public health issue.

Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae, antibiotic resistance pattern, antibiotic resistance genes, capsule serotypes, virulence genes, hospital infections

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