MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 in the Peripheral Blood of Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
Authors Zhang W, Song B, Yang T
Received 7 October 2019
Accepted for publication 7 December 2019
Published 23 December 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 10675—10681
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly
Wen-jing Zhang, Bing Song, Tao Yang
Department of General Surgery, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin 300192, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Bing Song Email email@example.com
Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical significance of determining the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), and TIMP-2 in the peripheral blood of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).
Methods: Forty-nine patients with benign thyroid lesions and 57 patients with DTC were examined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method preoperatively and 1 month after operation.
Results: The levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 in the peripheral blood of patients with DTC were significantly higher than those measured in patients with benign thyroid disease (P<0.05). After surgery, these levels in the peripheral blood of patients with benign thyroid lesions were not significantly changed (P>0.05). However, after operation, these levels in the peripheral blood of patients with DTC were significantly lower (P<0.05). These levels in the serum of patients with DTC which were tumor-node-metastasis stage, tumor diameter ≥l cm, infiltrating capsula outside or existing lymph metastasis were significantly higher than those reported in patients with early tumor-node-metastasis stage, tumor diameter <l cm or absence of lymph metastasis (P<0.05).
Discussion: Detecting the levels of these factors in peripheral blood is helpful in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid lesions, and can be used as a basis for the prognosis of DTC.
Keywords: differentiated thyroid carcinoma, matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1
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