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MMI-0100 ameliorates lung inflammation in a mouse model of acute respiratory distress syndrome by reducing endothelial expression of ICAM-1

Authors He B, Geng S, Zhou W, Rui Y, Mu X, Zhang C, You Q, Su X

Received 19 September 2018

Accepted for publication 23 November 2018

Published 13 December 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 4253—4260

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S188095

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Manfred Ogris


Binchan He,1,* Shen Geng,2,* Wei Zhou,1 Yuwen Rui,1 Xianmin Mu,3 Chen Zhang,3 Qiang You,3 Xin Su1,2

1Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing 210002, China; 2Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jinling Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong 510000, China; 3Department of Biotherapy, Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: ICAM-1 plays a critical role in the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). MK2 regulates the expression of ICAM-1 in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells. To explore whether the inhibition of MK2 activation has the same effect in experimental animals, MMI-0100, a peptide-mediated inhibitor of MK2, was used to verify whether MMI-0100 can ameliorate lung inflammation in a mouse model of ARDS by reducing endothelial expression of ICAM-1.
Methods: In this study, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, an lipopolysaccharides (LPS) group, and an LPS plus MMI-0100 group. Mice were killed 24 hours after the administration of LPS and MMI-0100. The mouse lung tissue histopathology, wet/dry weight ratio (W/D), and the neutrophil count were used to measure the severity of lung inflammation in mice. The pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) of the mice were isolated. The mRNA expression of ICAM-1 in mouse PMVECs was determined using RT-PCR, and the protein expression of MK2 and ICAM-1 in mouse PMVECs was analyzed using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.
Results: We found that the level of phosphorylated MK2 in the LPS plus MMI-0100 group was reduced. Compared with the LPS group, the LPS plus MMI-0100 group of mice showed less severe inflammation, including a lower W/D and neutrophil count. The mRNA and protein expression of ICAM-1 in the LPS group was significantly higher than in the control group in mouse PMVECs, and the ICAM-1 level was reduced after the administration of MMI-0100.
Conclusion: These data indicate that MMI-0100 ameliorates lung inflammation in a mouse model of ARDS by reducing endothelial expression of ICAM-1.

Keywords: pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell, inflammation, acute respiratory distress syndrome

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