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miR-19b serves as a prognostic biomarker of breast cancer and promotes tumor progression through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway

Authors Li C, Zhang J, Ma Z, Zhang F, Yu W

Received 13 April 2018

Accepted for publication 26 May 2018

Published 16 July 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 4087—4095

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S171043

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Samir Farghaly


Chuansheng Li,1,* Jingwei Zhang,1,* Zhongliang Ma,2 Fan Zhang,1 Wenlong Yu1

1Department of General Surgery, Shanxian Central Hospital, Heze, Shandong, China; 2Department of Breast Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in tumor progression of various human malignancies. MicroRNA-19b (miR-19b) has been described as serving a crucial role in tumorigenesis of breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression patterns, clinical value, and functional role of miR-19b in breast cancer.
Methods: Expression of miR-19b was estimated by quantitative real time PCR. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and Cox regression assay were performed to explore the prognostic value of miR-19b. The functional role of miR-19b was verified using cell experiments.
Results: Upregulated miR-19b expression was observed in breast cancer tissues and cells compared with the controls (all P<0.05). The miR-19b expression was associated with distant metastasis and TNM stage. The survival curves showed that high miR-19b was correlated with poor overall survival of the patients (log-rank P=0.002). Furthermore, miR-19b was proven to be an independent prognostic factor for patients. By using miR-19b mimic and inhibitor, cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were enhanced by miR-19b overexpression but were suppressed by reduction of miR-19b (all P<0.05). Besides, PI3K/AKT was demonstrated to be activated by miR-19b in breast cancer cells.
Conclusion: The overexpression of miR-19b serves as a candidate prognostic biomarker of breast cancer and may be involved in the tumor progression through PI3K/AKT pathway.

Keywords:
microRNA-19b, prognosis, progression, breast cancer

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