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MiR-126 regulates proliferation and invasion in the bladder cancer BLS cell line by targeting the PIK3R2-mediated PI3K/Akt signaling pathway

Authors Xiao J, Lin H, Zhu Y, Zhu Y, Chen L

Received 27 January 2016

Accepted for publication 5 May 2016

Published 22 August 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 5181—5193

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S105198

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Triparna Sen

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr William Cho

Jun Xiao,1 Huan-Yi Lin,2 Yuan-Yuan Zhu,3 Yu-Ping Zhu,1 Ling-Wu Chen2

1Department of Urology, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 2Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 3Clinical Laboratory, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China

Objective: To assess whether microRNA-126 (miR-126) targets phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit beta (PIK3R2) and to determine the potential roles of miR-126 in regulating proliferation and invasion via the PIK3R2-mediated phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway in the human bladder BLS cell line.
Materials and methods: A recombinant lentivirus (Lv) vector expressing miR-216 (Lv-miR-126) was successfully constructed, and Lv-miR-126 and Lv vector were transfected into the BLS cell line. A direct regulatory relationship between miR-126 and the PIK3R2 gene was demonstrated by luciferase reporter assays. To determine whether PIK3R2 directly participates in the miR-126-induced effects in BLS cells, anti-miR-126 and a PIK3R2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) were transfected into the BLS cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure miR-126 and PIK3R2 expressions. 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine and colony formation assays to assess cell proliferation, flow cytometry for cell apoptosis and cell cycle analysis, Transwell assays for cell migration and invasion, and Western blots for PIK3R2, PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt, and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) protein expressions were performed.
Results: Lv-miR-126 significantly enhanced the relative expression of miR-126 in the BLS cells after infection (P<0.0001). MiR-126 overexpression inhibited the proliferation, cloning, migration, and invasion of BLS cells, promoted cell apoptosis, and induced S phase arrest (all P<0.05). PIK3R2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt protein expressions were significantly decreased in the BLS cells infected with Lv-miR-126. Luciferase assays showed that miR-126 significantly inhibited the PIK3R2 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) luciferase reporter activity (P<0.05). The anti-miR-126 + PIK3R2 siRNA group had significantly decreased PIK3R2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt expressions compared with those of anti-miR-126 alone, as well as significantly decreased proliferation, invasion, and metastasis and increased apoptosis compared with the anti-miR-126 group (all P<0.05). Additionally, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis were significantly increased, and cell apoptosis was decreased compared with the PIK3R2 siRNA group (all P<0.05).
Conclusion: Overexpression of miR-126 negatively regulated the target gene PIK3R2 and further inhibited the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoting apoptosis in BLS cells.

Keywords:
human bladder BLS cell line, microRNA-126, PIK3R2, PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, proliferation, migration, apoptosis

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