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Minimizing pain during childhood vaccination injections: improving adherence to vaccination schedules

Authors Eden L, Macintosh J, Luthy K, Beckstrand R

Received 9 June 2014

Accepted for publication 16 July 2014

Published 30 September 2014 Volume 2014:5 Pages 127—140

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PHMT.S50510

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Lacey M Eden, Janelle LB Macintosh, Karlen E Luthy, Renea L Beckstrand

College of Nursing, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA

Abstract: Pain experienced in childhood can lead to long-term and psychologically detrimental effects. Unfortunately, the most common pain experienced in childhood is caused by vaccinations and may lead to non-adherence to the recommended vaccination schedule. As a result, it is the health care provider's responsibility to take measures to reduce vaccination pain; however, there are a plethora of pain relieving interventions during immunizations and it is unclear which interventions are most cost efficient, timely, and effective. Studies have been conducted to investigate the efficacy of different pain management interventions during vaccinations. This review evaluates various pain relieving interventions and provide health care providers age appropriate guidance on pain relieving interventions during vaccinations. Employment of these strategies may successfully reduce vaccination-associated pain in infants, children, and adolescents, and may improve compliance with the vaccination schedule.

Keywords: immunization, intervention, effective, compliance

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