Mild-severe hemophilia B impacts relationships of US adults and children with hemophilia B and their families: results from the B-HERO-S study
Received 2 May 2019
Accepted for publication 29 July 2019
Published 16 August 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 257—266
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Lynne Nemeth
Susan Cutter,1 Christine Guelcher,2 Susan Hunter,3 Dawn Rotellini,4 Spencer Dunn,5 David L Cooper6
1Penn Comprehensive Hemophilia and Thrombosis Program, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 2Comprehensive Hemostasis and Thrombosis Program, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC, USA; 3Hemostasis and Thrombosis Center, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA; 4National Hemophilia Foundation, New York, NY, USA; 5Center for Comprehensive Care and Diagnosis of Inherited Bleeding Disorders, Orange, CA, USA; 6Novo Nordisk Inc., Plainsboro, NJ, USA
Correspondence: Susan Cutter
Penn Comprehensive Hemophilia and Thrombosis Program, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St – 3 rd Fl Dulles, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Tel +1 215 615 8007
Background: The B-HERO-S study evaluated the impact of mild to severe hemophilia B on the lives of affected adults and children. Here, we assessed the impact of hemophilia B on relationships.
Methods: US adults with hemophilia B and caregivers of affected children completed separate online surveys that included questions regarding impact of the disease on interpersonal relationships.
Results: Most (88%) of the 299 adults completing the survey had mild to moderate hemophilia B. Of those, 54% were married or in a long-term relationship, and 44% were single. Most adults (87%) reported that hemophilia affected their ability to form close relationships with partners or prospective partners; 35% were very/quite dissatisfied with the support received from a previous partner. Nearly all participants (98%) were very/quite satisfied with the support received from their current partner. Most were very/quite satisfied with the support from family (87%) and friends (96%). Most participants reported a negative reaction or experience as a result of disclosing their hemophilia (friend/colleague/employer, 76%/80%/82%, respectively). Of 150 caregivers of children with mostly mild to moderate hemophilia (74%), 89% were married or in a long-term relationship, and most felt very well/quite supported by their partner (98%) and family (92%). Most felt very/quite satisfied with the support of teachers (94%), children at school (80%), and other adults in regular contact (72%). Most caregivers reported negative experiences telling a friend (76%) or having their child tell a friend (69%) about the child’s hemophilia; 43% reported that their child was bullied because of his/her hemophilia.
Conclusion: Although the impact of severe hemophilia on relationships has been reported in HERO and other studies, B-HERO-S suggested that mild to moderate hemophilia B also significantly influences relationships of affected men/women and boys/girls, especially in disclosing their diagnosis, selecting a partner, and feeling bullied by peers/colleagues.
Keywords: support, partners, relationship satisfaction, caregivers, interpersonal relationships
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