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Mass Casualty Shootings and Emergency Preparedness: A Multidisciplinary Approach for an Unpredictable Event

Authors Melmer P, Carlin M, Castater CA, Koganti D, Hurst SD, Tracy BM, Grant AA, Williams K, Smith RN, Dente CJ, Sciarretta JD

Received 16 September 2019

Accepted for publication 21 November 2019

Published 10 December 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1013—1021

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S219021

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Patrick Melmer,1 Margo Carlin,2 Christine A Castater,2 Deepika Koganti,2 Stuart D Hurst,2 Brett M Tracy,2 April A Grant,2 Keneeshia Williams,2 Randi N Smith,2 Christopher J Dente,2 Jason D Sciarretta2

1Grand Strand Medical Center, University of South Carolina, Myrtle Beach, SC 29572, USA; 2Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA

Correspondence: Jason D Sciarretta Tel +1 404 251-8914
Fax +1 404 523-3931
Email jason.d.sciarretta@emory.edu

Abstract: Mass casualty events (MCE) are an infrequent occurrence to most daily healthcare systems however these incidents are the causation for new hospital preparedness and the development of coordinated emergency services. The broad support and operational plans outside the hospital include emergency medical services, local law enforcement, government agencies, and city officials. Modern-day hospital disaster preparedness goals include scheduled training for healthcare personnel to ensure effective and accurate triage for a high-volume of injured patients. This MDT collaboration strengthens the emergency response to optimize the delivery of life-saving care during MCEs. This review identifies the clinical importance of the interdisciplinary team interactions and the lessons learned from past MCE experiences, strengthening healthcare system readiness for such critical incidents.

Keywords: mass casualty, multidisciplinary, mass shooting


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