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Management of foot and ankle injuries in pediatric and adolescent athletes: a narrative review

Authors Gill LE, Klingele KE

Received 2 December 2017

Accepted for publication 19 January 2018

Published 4 April 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 19—30

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/ORR.S129990

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Clark Hung


Laura E Gill,1,2 Kevin E Klingele,1,2

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA; 2Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA

Abstract: In this review, we focus on the treatment of injuries to the foot and ankle in the adolescent athlete. While many injuries in the adolescent foot and ankle are similar to or overlap with their counterparts in the adult population, the anatomy of the adolescent ankle, especially the presence of growth plates, results in different injury patterns in many cases and calls for specific management approaches. We discuss the unique anatomy of the pediatric patient as well as the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of common injuries in the young athlete.

Keywords: foot, ankle, lower extremity, pediatric athlete, growth plate, Lisfranc injury
 

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