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Maintenance treatment with infliximab for the management of Crohn’s disease in adults

Authors Caviglia R, Boskoski I, Cicala M

Published 5 January 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 39—49

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/BTT.S3663

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Renato Caviglia, Ivo Boškoski, Michele Cicala

Department of Digestive Diseases, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Abstract: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic, relapsing disease, the continuous cycle of which deeply affects the long-term course which, eventually, leads to fibrosis and development of transmural complications. It is well known that CD is an immune-mediated clinical condition and that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Current clinical guidelines recommend that patients with mild to moderate active CD should be treated initially with corticosteroids. Although this approach is effective in inducing remission, some patients may become dependent on, or refractory to, these drugs in the long term, thus increasing the risk of developing steroid-related adverse effects. A recent Cochrane systematic review established that infliximab (IFX) is effective in inducing remission in patients with CD. Although only a few published studies have assessed IFX for the maintenance of remission in the long term, there is evidence that IFX is superior to placebo in sustaining clinical remission and fistula healing; moreover, corticosteroid-sparing effects have been demonstrated. IFX is associated with the formation of antibodies to IFX which can lead to infusion reactions and shorter duration of response, but when comparing episodic vs scheduled maintenance treatment, the latter appears to sensibly reduce immunogenicity, thus offering improved efficacy and tolerance. The final point to consider is the best time to introduce IFX in the therapeutic algorithm of CD. Early use of IFX has been suggested to be more effective than late, and may potentially change the natural history of the disease. Effective induction and maintenance therapy with IFX is the only means with which to maintain long-lasting clinical and mucosal remission which, in turn, may modify the long-term course of the disease. Furthermore, when treating inflammatory bowel disease patients with IFX, an appropriate risk-benefit balance has to be taken into consideration, because the precise risk of serious adverse events associated with anti-TNF treatment in CD remains to be fully elucidated.

Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, infliximab therapy, steroid sparing, tumor necrosis factor-α

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