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Magnitude and Associated Factors of Metabolic Syndrome Among Adult Urban Dwellers of Northern Ethiopia

Authors Gebreegziabiher G, Belachew T, Mehari K, Tamiru D

Received 22 October 2020

Accepted for publication 27 January 2021

Published 10 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 589—600

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S287281

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonio Brunetti


Gebremedhin Gebreegziabiher,1 Tefera Belachew,2 Kibriti Mehari,3 Dessalegn Tamiru2

1Department of Human Nutrition, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia; 2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Public Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia; 3Tigray Health Research Institute, Mekelle, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Gebremedhin Gebreegziabiher
Jimma University, P.O. Box: +251378, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Email ghingherg@gmail.com

Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is becoming a big public health problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. Developing countries have an almost two-fold higher risk of death due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) compared to high-income countries. This study aimed to assess the magnitude and factors associated with MetS among adult residents of Mekelle city.
Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 266 randomly selected adults from July to September 2019. Data were collected on socio-demographic, clinical, anthropometric, and lifestyle characteristics using a structured questionnaire adapted from the WHO STEPs survey tool. Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) and lipid profiles were tested using a blood sample. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with MetS and variables were considered statistically significant at p ≤ 0.05.
Results: The findings of this study showed the magnitude of MetS was 21.8%. The proportion of MetS was relatively higher among women (24.6%) than men (18.5%). Raised blood pressure was the most prominent (42.5%) component of MetS followed by central obesity (41.7%). The magnitude of the other components of MetS was 38.0%, 21.4%, and 14.3% for elevated triglyceride, raised FBG, and low HDL-C, respectively. Advanced age, medium and high monthly income, walking less than 10 minutes per day, raised Body Mass Index (BMI), higher waist to hip ratio, and elevated total cholesterol were significantly associated with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: In this study, we found a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components, which highlights an urgent need for a public health strategy for its prevention, early diagnosis, and management.

Keywords: magnitude, metabolic syndrome, adult, Northern Ethiopia

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