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LPS Enhances the Chemosensitivity of Oxaliplatin in HT29 Cells via GSDMD-Mediated Pyroptosis

Authors Wu LS, Liu Y, Wang X, Xu B, Lin YL, Song Y, Dong Y, Liu JL, Wang XJ, Liu S, Kong P, Han M, Li BH

Received 31 December 2019

Accepted for publication 13 March 2020

Published 20 October 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 10397—10409

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S244374

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly


Li-Sha Wu,1 Yabin Liu,1 Xiao-wei Wang,2 Bin Xu,1 Yan-Ling Lin,2 Yu Song,2 Yi Dong,1 Jin-Lai Liu,1 Xiang-Jie Wang,1 Shuang Liu,1 Peng Kong,2 Mei Han,2 Bing-Hui Li1

1Department of Surgery, Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medicine, Key Laboratory of Medical Biotechnology of Hebei Province, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Bing-Hui Li
Department of Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 12 Jiankang Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050000, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 311 86265639
Fax +86-0311-86265557
Email lbh58hebei@163.com
Mei Han
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medicine, Key Laboratory of Medical Biotechnology of Hebei Province, Hebei Medical University, No. 361, Zhongshan East Road, Shijiazhuang 050017, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 311 86265639
Fax +86-0311-86265557
Email hanmei@hebmu.edu.cn

Introduction: Pyroptosis induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a dissolved form of cell death. The molecular marker gasdermin D, specifically GSDMD-N, is critically required for the induction of pyroptosis. Recently, there have been studies showing that LPS is closely related to tumor biology.
Methods: Specimens from 40 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) were collected. Eight- to twelve-week-old C57BL6 male mice (n=30) were raised. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were performed to test the expression of GSDMD. Moreover, cytotoxicity assay, IL-18 and IL-1β ELISA, Annexin V and PI stain, and wound healing assay were also made. Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) was used to verify the expression of GSDMD and overall survival of CRC patients with a high/low expression of GSDMD.
Results: In the research, we showed that the poor prognosis in CRC patients was significantly related to the GSDMD expression and significantly down-regulated in human colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Treatment with LPS, but not TNF-α, induced pyroptosis via promoting the expression of GSDMD and GSDMD-N membrane translocation and enhanced chemosensitivity in response to L-OHP in HT29 cells. Furthermore, the enforced expression of GSDMD in HT29 cells reduced cell survival and induced cell death.
Discussion: These results of studies suggest that the low expression of GSDMD correlates with a poor CRC prognosis, and that pyroptosis induced by LPS may improve the anti-cancer effect of L-OHP, inhibiting the tumorigenesis of CRC by activating GSDMD. Our findings lay the foundation for further development of GSDMD serving as an important prognostic biomarker and a valid CRC therapeutic target.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, lipopolysaccharide, chemotherapy, pyroptosis, HT29 cells

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