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Long noncoding RNA DANCR contributes to docetaxel resistance in prostate cancer through targeting the miR-34a-5p/JAG1 pathway

Authors Ma Y, Fan B, Ren Z, Liu B, Wang Y

Received 4 December 2018

Accepted for publication 21 March 2019

Published 9 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 5485—5497


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sanjay Singh

Yongliang Ma, Bo Fan, Zongtao Ren, Bin Liu, Yanchao Wang

Department of Urology Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, People’s Republic of China

Background: Chemotherapy is one of the available options for prostate cancer (PC). However, the acquisition of chemoresistance has become a major cause of chemotherapy failure. The long noncoding RNA DANCR is demonstrated to serve as an oncogene in various human cancers, including PC. However, the potential role of DANCR in docetaxel (DTX) resistance of PC and its underlying mechanism remains unclear.
Methods: The abundance of DANCR, miR-34a-5p, and JAG1 mRNA was examined by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) was used to determine the 50% inhibitory concentration value. Cell viability was evaluated by CCK8 and colony-formation assays. Transwells were utilized to analyze cell migration and invasion ability. The protein levels of LRP, P-gp, MRP1, and JAG1 were measured by Western blot assay. The target relationship between DANCR and miR-34a-5p, as well as miR-34a-5p and JAG1, was demonstrated by dual-luciferase, RNA immunoprecipitation, and RNA pull-down analysis. Tumor xenograft was undertaken to confirm the effect of DANCR on DTX resistance in PC.
Results: DANCR and JAG1 were significantly upregulated, but miR-34a-5p was downregulated in DTX-resistant PC. Silencing of DANCR improved the DTX efficacy in DTX-resistant PC cells. DANCR served as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-34a-5p, leading to the derepression of miR-34a-5p target JAG1, which eventually triggered the resistance to DTX in DTX-tolerated PC.
Conclusion: The DANCR/miR-34a-5p axis enhanced DTX resistance of PC via targeting JAG1, providing a novel insight to improve chemotherapy for PC.

Keywords: DANCR, miR-34a-5p, JAG1, docetaxel resistance, prostate cancer

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