Lithium intoxication and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus: a case report and review of literature
Abdulsamet Erden, Hatice Karagöz, Mustafa Başak, Samet Karahan, Ali Çetinkaya, Deniz Avci, Irfan Buğday
Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Internal Medicine Department, Kayseri, Turkey
Abstract: Lithium is one of the drugs used widely in the treatment of mood disorders. However, it has a very narrow therapeutic index and side effects can be seen in many organ systems, one of which affects the kidneys. We can see varying degrees of renal damage associated with acute or chronic lithium use. Lithium intoxication is diagnosed by a rise in the serum lithium concentration, but it must be remembered that serum levels and clinical findings do not always overlap. Treatment of lithium intoxication varies according to the clinical findings. There are various ways of treating lithium intoxication, but there is no specific antidote. The purpose of treatment is to remove the toxin from the body. Here we report a patient who was treated for lithium intoxication and developed diabetes insipidus during follow-up, and discuss the relevant literature.
Keywords: diabetes insipidus, intoxication, lithium
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]