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Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems for long-acting contraception: current perspectives, safety, and patient counseling

Authors Costescu DJ

Received 8 July 2016

Accepted for publication 13 September 2016

Published 13 October 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 589—598

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S99705

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer


Dustin J Costescu

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Abstract: Unintended pregnancy is a significant global problem. In 2008, there were over 100 million unplanned pregnancies worldwide, representing approximately 41% of global conceptions. Family planning strategies in many countries are shifting from increasing the uptake of contraception among nonusers to increasing the uptake of the most effective methods among users of less effective methods. One of the most effective and acceptable methods of contraception is the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS); however, its uptake varies widely by country. This article reviews the currently available LNG IUSs, the rationale for increasing uptake of these methods, and evidence regarding safety, and discusses counseling strategies to best inform women about this option for contraception.

Keywords: LNG IUS, long-acting contraception, intrauterine contraception, levonorgestrel, contraception, family planning

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