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Leucine-rich glioma inactivated 3: integrative analyses support its prognostic role in glioma

Authors Kwon NS, Kim DS, Yun HY

Received 5 April 2017

Accepted for publication 2 May 2017

Published 24 May 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 2721—2728

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S138912

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Manfred Beleut

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yao Dai

Nyoun Soo Kwon, Dong-Seok Kim, Hye-Young Yun

Department of Biochemistry, Chung-Ang University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Background: Leucine-rich glioma inactivated 3 (LGI3) is a secreted protein member of LGI family. We previously reported that LGI3 was expressed in brain, adipose tissues and skin, where it played roles as a multifunctional cytokine. We postulated that LGI3 may be involved in cytokine network in cancers.
Aim: This study aimed to analyze differentially expressed genes in glioma tissues and glioma cohort data to investigate the prognostic role of LGI3 and its receptors.
Materials and methods: Expression microarray data from Gene Expression Omnibus and glioma cohort data were analyzed using bioinformatic tools for statistical analysis, protein–protein interactions, functional enrichment and pathway analyses and prognostic association analysis.
Results: We found that LGI3 and its receptors, ADAM22 and ADAM23, were significantly downregulated in glioma tissues. Eleven upregulated genes and two downregulated genes in glioma tissues were found to be the previously reported LGI3-regulated genes. Protein–protein interaction network analysis showed that 85% of the LGI3-regulated and glioma-altered genes formed a cluster of interaction network. Functional enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses revealed the association of these genes with hypoxia responses, p53 and Akt signaling and various cancer-related pathways including glioma. Analysis of expression microarray data of glioma cohorts demonstrated that low expression levels of LGI3, ADAM22 and ADAM23 were significantly associated with poor prognosis of glioma.
Conclusion: These results propose that LGI3 and its receptors may play a prognostic role in glioma.

Keywords: LGI3, glioma, cytokine, cancer, prognosis

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