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Let-7a inhibits osteosarcoma cell growth and lung metastasis by targeting Aurora-B

Authors Yu JJ, Pi WS, Cao Y, Peng AF, Cao ZY, Liu JM, Huang SH, Liu ZL, Zhang W

Received 23 August 2018

Accepted for publication 16 October 2018

Published 26 November 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 6305—6315

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S185090

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmet Emre Eskazan


Jing-Jing Yu,1,* Wen-Sen Pi,2,* Yuan Cao,3 Ai-Fen Peng,4 Zhi-Yuan Cao,2 Jia-Ming Liu,2 Shan-Hu Huang,2 Zhi-Li Liu,2 Wei Zhang1

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Medical Imaging, The First Clinical Medical School of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, People’s Republic of China; 4College of Humanities, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330001, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: Accumulating studies showed that the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) was dysregulated in osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of let-7a on OS progression and its potential molecular mechanism.
Patients and methods: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the expression level of let-7a and Aurora-B (AURKB) in OS tissues and cells. The OS cells were treated with let-7a mimic, let7a inhibitor, negative mimic and Lv-AURKB combined with let-7a. The ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and wound-healing and transwell invasion assays. The protein of AURKB, NF-κβp65, MMP2 and MMP9 was measured by Western blot analysis. Xenograft model was performed to investigate the effects of let-7a on tumor growth and metastasis. The lung metastasis was measured by counting the metastatic node using H&E staining.
Results: Let-7a expression was significantly underexpressed in OS cell lines and tissues compared with human osteoblast cell lines, hFOB1.19, and adjacent normal bone tissues. Exogenous let-7a inhibited the viability, migratory and invasive ability of OS cells in vitro. In addition, the overexpression of AURKB in OS cells could partly rescue let-7a-mediated tumor inhibition. Also, the overexpression of let-7a inhibited OS cell growth and lung metastasis in vivo. Furthermore, the results showed that let-7a could decrease the expression of NF-κβp65, MMP2 and MMP9 proteins by targeting AURKB in OS cells.
Conclusion: Let-7a inhibits the malignant phenotype of OS cells by targeting AURKB at least partially. Targeting let-7a and AURKB/NF-κβ may be a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of OS.

Keywords:
let-7a, Aurora-B, osteosarcoma, malignant phenotype

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