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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mothers on Prevention and Control of Intestinal Parasitic Infestations in Sekota Town, Waghimra Zone, Ethiopia

Authors Kassaw MW, Abebe AM, Abate BB, Zemariam AB, Kassie AM

Received 2 September 2019

Accepted for publication 12 November 2019

Published 8 June 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 161—169

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PHMT.S229610

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Roosy Aulakh


Mesfin Wudu Kassaw,1 Ayele Mamo Abebe,2 Biruk Beletew Abate,1 Alemu Birara Zemariam,1 Ayelign Mengesha Kassie1

1Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia; 2Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Mesfin Wudu Kassaw
Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Woldia University, PO Box 400, Woldia, Ethiopia
Tel +251 96 264 9062
Email mesfine12a@gmail.com

Background: Intestinal parasites (IP) are a major public health problem in several developing countries. It accounts for 1.5 billion infections with one or more intestinal parasitic agents. The prevalence of helminthiases in Ethiopia is 29.8% with variable degree of prevalence among the different regions. Young children have a high infestation rate and suffer a substantial burden of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Schistosomes. Intestinal parasitic infections have serious consequences for human health; such as hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, esophageal varices, and delay in physical development. Therefore, this study was intended to assess mothers’ knowledge, attitude, and practice on prevention and control of intestinal parasitic infestations.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 378 mothers who had under six and over two year old children. Although 384 mothers were selected using sample size calculation, the data were collected from 378 mother-child pairs using a face to face interview-based questionnaire. The level of maternal knowledge, attitude, and practice are presented in the form of percentage, frequency, and tables. In order to ensure the quality of data, in all of the data collection, data analysis, and write up, a standard operational procedure was followed.
Results: The overall level of good maternal knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice in preventing and controlling intestinal parasitic infection concerning pre-school children in Sekota town was 45.2%, 55.3%, and 51.1% respectively. Seventy-seven (20.4%) respondents reported that they knew about A. lumbricoides, and 62 (16.4%) participants washed vegetables as a means of intestinal prevention.
Conclusion: The overall level of optimum knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers on prevention and control of intestinal parasites is significantly low. Therefore, community awareness about intestinal parasitic infestation prevention and control should be created through campaigns or structured training.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, practice, parasites, infestation, mothers, children, Sekota, Ethiopia
 

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